Detection of RHD zygosity in China: using Syber Green Ⅰ real-time polymerase chain reaction based on high-resolution melting curve analysis
  
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KeyWord:RHD allele, high resolution melting curve, heterozygous, qPCR
              
AuthorInstitution
Minyu Zhou Center of Laboratory 2Medicine, Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Foshan 528000, Guangdong, China
Zhiyuan Xu Blood Group Lab, Beijing Red Cross Blood Center, Beijing 100088, China;
Jingyan Chang Department of Clinical Transfusion, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an 710000, Shaanxi, China;
Xiaojie Zhu Nobel Prize Research Institute, ZOJIWAT Biological Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Jiangyin 214400, Jiangsu, China
Yu-Shiang Lin Nobel Prize Research Institute, ZOJIWAT Biological Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Jiangyin 214400, Jiangsu, China
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Abstract:
      Due to relatively higher mutation frequencies in Chinese individuals with the RHD-negative phenotype[25% for 1227 G>A RHD elution and 5% for RHD1-RHCE(2-9)-RHD10], Rhesus box analysis is rarely used in China. Here, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with a high-resolution melting curve mode and a matrix mix containing Syber Green Ⅰ were used to sequence specific primers of 1227 G>A and RHD exons 1, 5, and 10 in two families, consisting of two parents and two children per family (n = 8). The samples with RHD gene dele- tion homozygous/heterozygous, 1227 G>A heterozygous with RHD gene deletion and normal RHD, normal RHD homozygous/heterozygous, and RHD1-RHCE(2-9)-RHD10 homozygous/heterozygous status were all included. All samples were screened using RHD exon genotyping, Sanger sequencing, and Rhesus box analysis. DNA sample quality was maintained at 68~72 ng/μL, and OD260/280 at 1.7~1.9. The Tm ratio of RHD exon 1 (87 ℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 2.49~2.67 and 2.09~2.35 in subjects with RHD exon 1 homozygous and heterozygous, respectively; the Tm ratio of RHD exon 10 (81℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 5.01~6.11 and 3.34~4.31 in subjects with RHD exon 10 homozygous and heterozygous, respectively; the Tm ratio of RHD exon 5 (83℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 3.98~4.75, 3.02~3.45, and 0.03 in subjects with RHD exon 5 homozygous, heterozygous, and deletion homozygous, respectively; the Tm ratio of 1227A (87℃ ) to internal control (77℃ ) was 1.11, 0.51, and <0.03 in subjects with 1227A heterozygous, 1227A homozygous (exon 9 deletion), and wild type, respectively. The results suggest that using the primers of Tm ratio in comparison with an internal control is an effective way to detect RHD gene deletion or RHD-RHCE hybrid variant allele carrier. The method can also be used to calculate the mother-newborn RHD phenotype proportion and assist pedigree analysis.
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