Exosomal miR-375 promotes the activity of osteoblasts in prostate cancer
  
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KeyWord:prostate cancer, exosome, miR-375, osteoblasts.
           
AuthorInstitution
Suliang Li Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical University, Xi'an 710077, Shaanxi, China;
Yun Ye Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical University, Xi'an 710077, Shaanxi, China;
Shengyu Wang Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical University, Xi'an 710077, Shaanxi, China;
Jianjun Wang Intensive Care Unit, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical University, Xi'an 710077, Shaanxi, China.
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Abstract:
      Studies have shown that exosomes influence tumour metastasis, diagnosis, and treatment. It has been found that exosomal miRNAs are closely linked to the metastatic microenvironment. However, the regulatory role of exosomes from prostate cancer (PCa) cells in bone metastasis remains poorly understood. Here, exosomes were isolated and purified by ultracentrifugation, total RNA from cells and total miRNA from exosomes were isolated, and the level of miR-375 was analyzed by RT-PCR. Exosome libraries from LNCaP cells and RWPE-1 cells were sequenced and filtered with an Illumina HiSeqTM 2500 system. The activity of alkaline phosphatase, the extent of extracellular matrix mineralization, and the expression of osteoblast activity-related marker genes were measured to evaluate osteoblast activity. Morphological observation, particle size analysis, and molecular phenotyping confirmed that the isolated extracts contained exosomes. Differential expression analysis confirmed the high expression of miR-375 in LNCaP cell-derived exosomes. This study suggest that exosomes could enter osteoblasts and increase their miR-375 level. In addition, exosomal miR-375 could significantly promote the activity of osteoblasts.This study lays the foundation for further investigations on the function of exosomal miR-375 in the activation and differentiation of osteoblasts and the mechanism of bone metastasis in PCa.
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